Multi-domain integration and interoperability for data driven warfare

Johan Louwers
2 min readMay 16, 2022

Data driven warfare and multi-domain integration and interoperability in the Defense space aims at ensuring a nation's defense and non-defense domains and their associated systems are able to work as one and are able to share information to support military operations. multi-domain integration and interoperability aims at ensuring this level of interaction between systems within a nation's defense organisation as well as between alliance partners and industry partners as well.

Domain Definition
When talking about domains and the integration and interoperability of domains in the wider defense space one should not only consider the pure defense related domains land, sea, air, space and cyber. Taking the full and wider ecosystem into consideration is of vital importance to truly build the next generation data driven warfare foundation for the future.

Multi-domain integration for defense

The combined set of the defence domain (including the land, sea, air, space and cyber sub-domains), the Governmental domain (including the various governmental sub-domains), the alliances domain (including the various alliances sub-domains) and the industry partner domain (including the various industry partner service sub-domains) jointly form the full extend of a Multi-Domain defence collaboration.

Within the given model, each domain can hold multiple sub-domains which in turn can hold sub-domains. Following this logical model this provides a theoretical infinite drill-down possibility from a high conceptual level down to the smallest field deployed sensor carried by a soldier.

Modern architecture for Defense
The multi-domain integration and interoperability architectures for the defense space include the concepts of Domain Driven Design (DDD) as well as the concepts of event driven architecture and data-mesh concepts. When fusing the aforementioned general architectural system design concepts with more defence centric design concepts such as MDC2 Multi-Domain Command and Control, JADC2 Joint All-Domain Command and Control, CDEF Common Defense Event Format and lower level architecture principles the modern multi-domain integration and interoperability becomes a reality

About the author(s)
Johan Louwers is Chief Enterprise Architect within Oracle as well as Director Cloud Native Architecture where he leads an highly specialised complex engineering team responsible for supporting Enterprises in adopting a cloud native strategy from both the technology as well as the Enterprise Architecture point of view. Views expressed in this post are personnel and do not necessarily reflect the views of Oracle.

Johan Louwers

Johan Louwers is a technology enthousiasts with a long background in supporting enterprises and startups alike as CTO, Chief Enterprise Architect and developer.